Investment Casting

/Investment Casting
Investment Casting 2018-02-16T23:59:44+00:00

Investment Casting

What Is Investment Casting?

Investment casting refers to the formation of ceramics around a wax pattern to form a shell for casting molten metal. Once wax patterns are created, they are melted into the gate system, immersed in slurry and sand to form a layered shell, and then replaced by molten metal such as stainless steel, aluminum, or the like.

investment casting parts

How are Investment Castings Made?

Investment casting involves creating an original wax model, building the image with plaster and successive layers until a strong shell surrounds the model. After melting the wax, pour the molten gold or bronze into the mold to create a perfect replica of the original wax pattern. Investment casting provides economical undercutting, high resolution, sophisticated detail and smooth surface finish compared to machining separations.

In most cases, investment casting is the only way the part can be made economically.

Advantages of Investment Casting

  • Sizes: 0.1 in to 24 in
  • Weights: a few grams to more than 40 pounds
  • Surface: very smooth finish
  • Tight tolerances
  • Reliable process controls and repeatability
  • Design and casting versatility
  • Efficient production
  • Affordable tooling
  • Material variety
stainless steel casting valve parts sku 1

Material Grade Common Application
Stainless Steel 304 Housings, bodies. SS304 is widely used in medical, plumbing, watering, mining and petrochemical industries as the standard for cleanliness as well as corrosion resistance.
316 Housings, gears, plates. Superior corrosion resistance of SS316 makes it ideal for many applications including automotive, food & diary and petrochemical environments.
304L/316L Similar to other 300 series steel, low carbon makes it softer but more corrosion resistant. Ideal industries are such as food & dairy, medical and petrochemical.
410 & 416 Housings, bushings, handles, brackets. 400 series steels are high strength and very machinable. They will tend to break rather than bend under intense pressure. Ideal industries are automotive, food & dairy and various machine tools.
17-4 Very strong. Can be used in military, various machine tools etc.
Duplex Stainless Steel 2205 Duplex stainless steel 2205 consists of a two-phase microstructure — both ferritic stainless steel and austenitic stainless steel. Nitrogen is enhanced in Duplex 2205 comparing to other duplex stainless steel.
Super Duplex Stainless Steel 2507 Desalination, marine, pulp & paper mill, chemical process pressure vessels, heat exchangers and piping, oil and gas industry, offshore oil industry.
Zeron 100 Desalination, flue-gas desulfurization, oil and gas industry, pollution control, chemical, pharmaceutical, mining and mineral industries, pulp and paper, power generation, marine industries
Titanium Grade 2 Chemical process, marine etc.
Grade 5 Aerospace, medical, marine and chemical processing industries and oil field services.
Carbon Steels 1000 series Softest of common carbon steels. More likely to bend rather than break under intense pressure. Commonly used to make cranks, handles, and braces.
4100 series High strength material that is used when deformation of a part is not allowed. Commonly used to cast firearm components and ratchets.
8600 series 8600 series is stronger than 1000 series but will bend prior to breakage. Commonly used to cast firearm components, housings, and nozzles.
Tool Steels A2, S7, D2 Used when parts will be under higher heat due to less distortion. Not corrosion resistant like stainless steel.
Aluminum Alloys A356 Housing, covers, plates. Aluminum is lightweight and extremely corrosion resistant like stainless steel.

Secondary Operations and Treatment of Investment Castings

  • Polished zinc plating, nickel plating, electroplating, chrome plating
  • Anodizing, phosphating, acid treatment, polishing
  • Broaching, milling, drilling, tapping
  • Surface grinding, sand blasting, powder coating
  • Heat treatment

Investment Casting Solutions & Parts

Our investment casting solutions include stainless steel casting, duplex stainless steel casting, super duplex stainless steel casting, titanium casting, carbon & alloy casting etc. Please click links below for detailed information.